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The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced.,In humans, the kidneys are two small organs located near the vertebral column at the small of the back. The left kidney lies a little higher than the right kidney. Kidneys are bean-shaped .
Major functions of kidney:
The kidneys have a couple of different functions. The main function of the kidney is to separate or filter, urea, mineral salts, toxins, & other waste products from the blood. The kidneys also conserve water, salts,electrolytes. At least one kidney must function properly for life to be maintained.
What is Kidney failure/Renal Failure(CRF)
Kidney failure or renal failure is a condition in which the kidneys lose their normal function, which may be due to various factors including infections, auto immune diseases, diabetes and other endocrine disorders, cancer, and toxic chemicals etc. It is characterised by the reduction in the excretory and regulatory functions of the kidney. It usually occurs at the terminal stages of the disease processes.
The causes of CRF include:
Chronic disease of the kidneys (for example: glomerulonephritis) Chronic infection (for example: tuberculosis) Anomalies of the kidneys that are present since birth Vascular disease (for example: hypertension) Endocrine disorders(for example: diabetes) Obstructive processes in the kidneys (for example: kidney stones) Nephrotoxins (toxic chemicals) Autoimmune diseases